Although it’s not a dire health concern, ADHD or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder still affects a large number of children and teens. When it comes to the possible cures for ADHD, doctors and psychiatrists could only help patients by managing the symptoms. Definite cures for ADHD are not yet available mainly because; the causes themselves are still not clearly identified or laid out. But the good news is; medical experts have already begun probing several theories of the possible causes of this behavioral condition. Among these identified factors include:
In studying almost all diseases or health concerns, genetics is one of the factors initially considered. And for ADHD, there’s a high probability that this condition is essentially inherited by children through their parent’s genes. Based on studies conducted with children suffering from ADHD, a huge 75 percent of the studied cases can be attributed to the children’s genes. That majority of these children also have a history of ADHD in their immediate family extending to their relatives. Some proponents of this theory relate the condition to all other mental concerns that are essentially hereditary.
Environmental and Prenatal Causes
The harsh or negative effects of environmental factors are also considered as possible causes of ADHD. And these include the lifestyle choices of the mother and prenatal health of the child while he or she is carried in the womb during pregnancy. Although cigarette smoke and alcohol don’t necessarily cause ADHD when a child is exposed to it, it’s a different story if the exposure occurs during pregnancy. Drinking alcohol, smoking, and the intake of various inappropriate drugs or medications has its effect on the development of the fetus especially on the brain and the nervous system and can thus potentially play a role. Additionally, young children exposed to highly toxic metals and elements like lead, mercury, etc, can affect their mental and nervous health. Lead in particular is widely present on several plastic and rubber toys manufactured for children.
Diet and Nutrition
The meals that children consume regularly are also considered as culprits for the disease. Experts who link diet and nutrition to ADHD are not only concerned about poor or malnutrition but also on the “extra” ingredients that could come in every meal. Majority of the food that children eat today are manufactured or commercially produced. Food coloring, preservatives, and other synthetic ingredients have their own contribution to ADHD. Though you might think that fruits and vegetables are safe alternatives or dietary complements, you are still not sure whether they are grown using chemical fertilizers or pesticides.
Part of the theories on the causes of ADHD for children is the probe on the effects of social factors. Instead of exposure to chemicals, poor diet and nutrition, social factors consider socialization, relationships, and how other people particularly parents and teachers affect the development of the IQ and EQ or the intelligence, emotional, and behavioral aspects of the child. Research shows that children who are considered orphans, those who are abused, neglected, and those who don’t get the right parental attention has a higher chance of acquiring ADHD. On the other hand, the problem can also be caused by the wrong perception of the child on what type of behavior is considered normal and abnormal. This perception usually occurs during the early formative years of the child.
If you’re concerned your child might have ADHD, be sure to check out the early warning signs of ADHD for a list.